Microorganisms Enriched Mixture (MEM)

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  • Group 1:  70 kg fully digested compost or vermi compost, 10 kg ash or rice bran ash and 20 kg saw dust.
  • Group 2:  (a) Five liters panchakavya, (b) five liters concentrated amudham solution, (c) five liters coconut-buttermilk or arappu-buttermilk or soapnut-buttermilk solution, (d) ten liters ETFPE, (e) five liters archae bacterial solution.
  • Group 3:  Bio-fertilizers – Azospirillum, Rhizobium, Phospobacteria, Potash Bacteria: 500 gms to 1 kg each and VAM 5 to 10 kgs.
  • Group 4 :To control root rot, rhizome rot and fuzarium wilt): 500 gms-1kg each of Pseudomonas Fluorescence, Trichoderma Viridi, Trichoderma harzianum and Bassillus subtillus.
  • Group 5: (To control nematode) 1-2 kg of Paicyllomycis.
  • Group 6: (To control root grub, white grub, rhinoceros beetle and other soil-dwelling beetles and grubs): 500 gms – 1kg each of Beauveria Brongniartii and Metarhizium.
  • Mix well the items in Group 1
  • Mix the solutions mentioned in Group 2
  • Mix the powders in Groups 3, 4, 5 and 6 well together; choose the powders based on yours crop’s condition.
  • Add the mixtures from steps (a) and (c).  On this combination sprinkle the solutions mixture from (b) and mix thoroughly so the combined mixture is uniformly moist.
  • Use within 30 days.
  • When you need to store it for longer periods store it in a heap that is about 2 feet broad and nine inches tall; the length could be chosen based on convenience.
  • Cover it with wet gunny bags, coconut leaves, or sugarcane leaves.
  • Take care to maintain uniform moisture by sprinkling water as often as necessary.
  • This heap should be in a shed or in the shade of a tree.
  • This can be used as basal application or as a top dressing depending on the need.
  • Use it as a precautionary measure according to the condition of the crop.
  • MEM can be used at the rate of 100-500 kg per acre.
  • The ingredients given above are for preparing 100 kg MEM.
  • To prepare larger quantities increase the quantities in Group 1 accordingly maintaining the same ratio of the ingredients in that group.
  • This increases the quantity of the mixture.  To make this mixture uniformly moist add sufficient quantity of archae solution.
  • Do not change the quantity of other items in Groups 2 to 5.
  • If the crop growth is not healthy and you cannot irrigate the crop because of rain use the mixture at least twice in fifteen days interval.
  • If the crop is healthy use it once in 1-2 months during the growth period.
  • For bed crops like vanilla, pepper and cardamom use MEM over the bed and cover it with leaves.
  • In rainy season move the mulch away from the stem for effective drainage and spread MEM over the feeder roots to protect these roots
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