There are many types of soil found in India as India is a very big country.
|Types of Soils||States where found||Rich in:||Lacks in:||Crops grown|
|Alluvial||Mainly found in the plains of Gujarat, Punjab, Haryana, UP, Bihar, Jharkhand etc.||Potash and Lime||Nitrogen and Phosphorous||Large variety of rabi and kharif crops such as wheat, rice, sugarcane, cotton, jute etc.|
|Black (Regur soil)||Deccan plateau- Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh,Tamil Nadu, Valleys of Krishna and Godavari.||Lime, Iron, Magnesia and Alumina, Potash||Phosphorous, Nitrogen and organic matter||Cotton, sugarcane, jowar, tobacco, wheat, rice etc.|
|Red||Eastern and southern part of the deccan plateau, Orissa, Chattisgarh and southern parts of the middle Ganga plain.||Iron and Potash||Nitrogen, Phosphorous and humus.||Wheat, rice, cotton, sugarcane and pulses|
|Laterite||Karnataka, Kerala, Tamilnadu, Madhya Pradesh, Assam and Orissa hills.||Iron oxide and potash||Organic matter, Nitrogen, Phosphate and Calcium||Cashew nuts, tea, coffee, rubber|
|Arid and Desert||Western Rajastan, north Gujarat and Southern Punjab||Soluble salts, phosphate||Humus, Nitrogen||Only drought resistant and salt tolerant crops such as barley, rape, cotton, millets maize and pulses|
|Saline and Alkaline||Western Gujarat, Deltas of Eastern coast, Sunderban areas of West Bengal, Punjab and Haryana||Sodium, Potassium, Magnesium||Nitrogen and Calcium||Unfit for agriculture|