Soil Found in Indian States

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There are many types of soil found in India as India is a very big country.

Types of SoilsStates where foundRich in:Lacks in:Crops grown
AlluvialMainly found in the plains of Gujarat,  Punjab, Haryana, UP, Bihar, Jharkhand etc.  Potash and Lime  Nitrogen and   Phosphorous Large variety of rabi and kharif crops such as wheat, rice, sugarcane, cotton, jute etc.
Black (Regur soil)Deccan plateau- Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh,Tamil Nadu, Valleys of Krishna and Godavari. Lime, Iron,  Magnesia and  Alumina, Potash Phosphorous, Nitrogen and organic  matter Cotton, sugarcane, jowar, tobacco, wheat, rice etc.
RedEastern and southern part of the deccan plateau, Orissa, Chattisgarh and southern parts of the middle Ganga plain. Iron and Potash Nitrogen, Phosphorous and humus. Wheat, rice, cotton, sugarcane and pulses
LateriteKarnataka, Kerala, Tamilnadu, Madhya Pradesh, Assam and Orissa hills. Iron oxide and potash Organic matter, Nitrogen, Phosphate and Calcium Cashew nuts, tea, coffee, rubber
Arid and DesertWestern Rajastan, north Gujarat and Southern Punjab Soluble salts, phosphate Humus, Nitrogen Only drought resistant and salt tolerant crops such as barley, rape, cotton, millets maize and pulses
Saline and AlkalineWestern Gujarat, Deltas of Eastern coast, Sunderban areas of West Bengal, Punjab and Haryana Sodium, Potassium, Magnesium Nitrogen and Calcium Unfit for agriculture
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